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Gospel of John – Week Two

This week: Chapter Two

 

Week Two PDF

  • Chapter Two
    • Starting with verse 13 we see Jesus going to Jerusalem for Passover.
    • In the temple, people were selling oxen, sheep and doves (pigeons) and exchanging money. Jesus made a whip and turned over the tables, drove out the animals and spilled the money on the ground.
      • This was the first time Jesus cleansed the temple, and it was early in His ministry. Matthew, Mark, and Luke all record a second temple cleansing in His final week on earth.
  • Note v19 where He says to the Jews, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” The temple He was referring to? Himself.
  • The temple merchants were selling animals that could be purchased and used for sacrifice. (Leviticus 14:22; Luke 2:24).  The priests could disqualify an animal that was brought from home, thus requiring pilgrims to Jerusalem to purchase one at an extravagant price.
  • The money changers were exchanging buyers’ currency for temple currency for a temple tax. (Exodus 30:11-16). They were charging excessive fees for exchanging money.
  • Chapter Three
    • Nicodemus visits Jesus at night (John 3:1-21). Nicodemus, a Pharisee and thus a high-ranking Jewish official, could have wanted to keep his visit a secret from the other Pharisees.
    • Jesus tells Nicodemus what is required for salvation- and it isn’t adherence to religious laws.
    • You must be born again. (John 3:3)
    • Born of water and Spirit. (John 3:5)
    • Chapter Four (vv1-45)
      • Jews and Samaritans did not get along. At all.
      • Typically, Jews would walk around Samaria to get back and forth between Galilee and Judea.
      • Jewish custom did not allow a man to talk to a woman in public.
      • Jesus talks to the sinful woman, and he actually starts the conversation. (John 4:7)
      • Jacob’s well is not specifically mentioned in the Old Testament; the location of the well is probably referenced in Genesis 33:18-20.
      • Living Water. The Holy Spirit is compared to water in the Bible- consider that. (See John 7:37-39; Acts 2:33; Luke 3:16). Also note that our sins are washed away (Acts 22:16; Ephesians 5:26; 1 Corinthians 6:11; Isaiah 1:18)
      • Discussion
        • So, the first thing He does is make great wine, then He goes and makes a whip and yells at people, kicking them out of the temple.  If Jesus is without sin and perfect, why do we see this action out of Him? Wasn’t it a sin to act that way??
        • Consider the significance of Nicodemus, a religious leader and keeper of a strict set of laws, having a one-on-one talk with Jesus the Son of God. How can we free ourselves from law and live in Grace? Will we continue to be a law-keeper?  Was the law destroyed through Jesus? (Matthew 5:17, Romans 7:7-9, Galatians 3:23-25, Romans 10:4)
        • If Jesus had known the Samaritan woman’s sinful nature and past, would He have started a conversation with her? Did he know here already? (John 2:24; John 4:16-18)

 

Next week:
Gospel of John chapter 4:46-54; chapters 5-6.