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Gospel of John – Week One

“Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ. ”
- Paul, 1 Corinthians 11:1 (KJV)

What better way to learn about Jesus than from the man who knew him best?

This week: Intro and Chapter One

Week One PDF

  • Background
    • Written by John, son of Zebedee.
      • Same author as Revelation and 1st, 2nd and 3rd John.
      • One of the 12 disciples.
      • The ‘beloved’ disciple.
      • Was hot-tempered and Jesus referred to him and his brother James as ‘sons of thunder’.
  • Written between 60 and 100 AD. Probably sometime prior to Revelation.
  • General Information
    • General theme is that Jesus is the Messiah and that, through belief in Him, people can have eternal life.
    • Often considered the best Book in the Bible for learning about Jesus. Very good book for non-Christians and new Christians.
    • Gives a unique, “insider’s view”, perspective of Jesus.
    • Of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke (the three Synoptic Gospels) and John, this is the most dissimilar while the other three are very much alike.
      • John provides much more detail than the others in describing Christ’s conversations.
      • John covers parts of Jesus’ public ministry that are overlooked by Matthew, Mark and Luke (i.e., where Jesus and John the Baptist’s ministries overlap).
      • The Synoptic Gospels focus on Galilee while John details Jesus in Jerusalem and Judea.
      • Some events of Jesus are only provided in John and are not found in the other  Gospels (Samaritan woman, Lazarus, Nicodemus).
  • While Matthew wrote to the Jews, Mark to the Romans, and Luke to the Greeks, John’s audience was to the whole world, both Jew and Gentile.
  • Broken into two major parts: Chapters 1-11 and 12-21.
  • First section is focused on seven miracles performed by Jesus:
    • Turning of water into wine (ch. 2:1-11)
    • Healing of the high official’s son (ch. 4:46-54)
    • Healing of the lame man (ch. 5:2-18)
    • Feeding the five thousand (ch. 6:1-15)
    • Walking on the water (ch. 6:15-21)
    • Healing of the man blind (ch. 9:1-41)
    • Raising of Lazarus from the dead (ch. 11:1-53)
    • Chapter One
      • Divinity of Jesus. This is a major theme for John.
      • Notice the sheer beauty of the first 14 verse of John.
      • John the Baptist.
        • John the Baptist and Jesus were second cousins. Mary and Elizabeth were first cousins.
        • He had a large following.
        • John (the author) was originally a follower of John the Baptist before becoming a disciple of Christ.
  • Jesus’ gathering of the disciples.
  • This chapter follows a chronological order of days (v29- ‘the next day’, v35- ‘the next day’, v43- ‘the next day’)
  • Chapter Two
    • The beginning of Jesus’ public ministry and His first miracle: the wedding feast.
      • The water used was for Jewish ceremonial washing. Just as the Jews were going to use that water for cleansing, Jesus gives us His Blood for cleansing.
      • He not only turned water into wine, He made LOTS of wine and of great quality. In the same way, God pours out His Spirit to us.
  • Starting with verse 13 we see Jesus going to Jerusalem for Passover.
  • In the temple, people were selling oxen, sheep and doves and exchanging money. Jesus made a whip and turned over the tables, drove out the animals and spilled the money on the ground.
  • Note v19 where He says to the Jews, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” The temple He was referring to? Himself.
  • Discussion
    • Why does John refer to Jesus as the ‘Word’?
    • Why, of all things, would Jesus choose as His very first miracle to turn water into- of all things- wine???
    • So, the first thing He does is make great wine, then He goes and makes a whip and yells at people, kicking them out of the temple.  If Jesus is without sin and perfect, why do we see this action out of Him? Wasn’t it a sin to act that way??

 

Next week:
Gospel of John chapters 3-4