Calvinism vs. Arminianism
Based on the five point of Calvanism, known as TULIP:
- Total Depravity
(also known as Total Inability and Original Sin)
We are completely sinful. We are not as sinful as we could be, but we are completely affected by sin. Mark 7:21-23, Jer. 17:9, Rom. 6:20, Rom. 3:10-12, 1 Cor. 2:14, Eph. 2:3, John 1:12-13
- Unconditional Election
God chooses the elect according to His will. Some are elected into salvation, others are not Eph. 1:4-8, Rom. 9:11, Rom. 9:15, 21.
- Limited Atonement
Jesus died only for the elect. Matt. 26:28, John 10:11, 15, Matt. 25:32-33, John 17:9, Acts 20:28, Eph. 5:25-27
- Irresistible Grace
When God calls his elect into salvation, they cannot resist. God offers to all people the gospel message. This is called the external call. But to the elect, God extends an internal call and it cannot be resisted. Romans 9:16, Philippians 2:12-13, John 6:28-29, Acts 13:48, John 1:12-13, John 6:37
- Perseverance of the Saints
Once Saved Always Saved – you cannot lose your salvation.
Examples: Presbyterians, Baptists (not all), Southern Baptists (not all), Congregationalists, ‘reformed’ churches.
- Universal Grace
Humans were totally corrupted by original sin, but God’s prevenient grace allowed free will to operate.
- Conditional Election
Each person decides for themselves and God has foreknowledge of decisions.
- Universal Atonement
Christ died for all sins.
- Resistible Grace
A believer may fall from grace.
- Free Will
God does not predestine anything- we are allowed to choose for ourselves.
- Universal Call of Salvation
All are called, but each person (through free will), must choose.
Note that scripture references aren’t given since original study consisted of Arminians.
Examples: Methodists, Lutherans, Episcopalians, Anglicans, Pentecostals, Free Will Baptists